Fruit & Vegetable Magazine

Features Production Research
Potato varieties show promise for late blight resistance


November 30, 1999
By Tamara Leigh

Topics

Organic potato growers may want to consider planting resistant varieties as an additional tactic in their efforts to control late blight.

Organic potato growers may want to consider planting resistant varieties as an additional tactic in their efforts to control late blight.

E.S. Cropconsult has been running trials on late blight resistant potato varieties in combination with organic fungicides, yielding promising results.

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Late blight is the number one threat for potato growers in British Columbia, particularly organic growers who only have one registered control. Many growers will either harvest right away or take the crop out if they find late blight in their potatoes because it is so difficult to treat.

“What we are trying to do is expand the integrated pest management toolbox to control disease,” says Brock Glover, the vegetable IPM co-ordinator for E.S. Cropconsult. “We are trying to add to farmers’ options.”

The 2010 study examined Island Sunshine (yellow) and Krantz (russet), varieties reported to have late blight resistance, against Norkotah Russet as an industry standard. In an effort to find alternatives to copper-based fungicides, each variety was treated with organic fungicides Parasol, Actinovate, and Sonata.

Parasol is a copper-based fungicide commonly used in organic potato production. Actinovate (Streptomyces lydicus) is registered as a biological fungicide for some crops in Canada, but not for potatoes. Sonata (Bacillus pumilus) is not currently registered in Canada, but is labelled for use on potatoes in the United States.

“We didn’t see a lot of results with Actinovate and Sonata,” says Glover. “If we were going to do it again, we would double the rate of application.”

Eliminating the Actinovate and Sonata trials allowed a specific comparison of the resistant potato varieties treated only with Parasol. The incidence of late blight was measured at harvest, and then again after six weeks of storage.

At harvest, levels of late blight were significantly higher in the Norkotah Russets, than in the resistant varieties. After six weeks in storage, late blight levels in Krantz increased, Norkotah stayed the same, and Island Sunshine actually decreased.

When evaluating yield, Island Sunshine could not measure up to Krantz and Norkotah. Despite the high levels of late blight in Norkotah, it yielded very well, and was comparable to Krantz. Overall, the severity of late blight was significantly lower on Parasol-treated Krantz and Island Sunshine potatoes, compared to Parasol-treated Norkotah.

Glover and his team plan to continue their work on alternative fungicides and resistant varieties, and are planning to expand to other potato varieties.

“We took a step in the right direction,” Glover says, looking at the results of the resistant varieties. “There is something we can build on.”

Yukon Gold named Seed of the Year
The Yukon Gold potato was a winner at the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair in Toronto last fall, where it topped entries in the seventh annual Seed of the Year competition (east division).

Developed by the late Garnet (Gary) Johnston, a researcher in the University of Guelph’s Department of Plant Agriculture, this enhanced yellow potato variety was recognized for its disease resistance and growing performance in North America. Its name reflects its distinctive colour and honours Yukon River “Gold Rush” country.

Yukon Gold is a medium- to high-yielding variety of potato with excellent storage qualities. The first Canadian-bred variety to be marketed with its name on the packaging 30 years ago, Yukon Gold is a household name in many regions of Canada and the U.S.

The Seed of the Year competition recognizes publicly developed Canadian varieties of field crops, forages, fruits, vegetables or herbs important to the agri-food industry as well as accomplishments of public plant breeders.

Entries are judged for innovation, industry impact, value chain presence, sustainability and marketability.